Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that may be life-threatening.
It typically develops within seconds or minutes when the individual is
exposed to the allergen. If your child has an allergy, you can find the
pediatric care he or she needs at
Plantation General Hospital. Your child’s physician will help you learn what to do in the event
of a severe allergic reaction.
Why does anaphylaxis occur?
During an allergic reaction, the body’s immune system releases a
flood of chemicals that result in allergy symptoms. In most cases, an
allergic reaction isn’t life-threatening. However, it’s important
for parents to be aware that even if a child has had a mild allergic reaction
to something in the past, he or she could still develop a life-threatening
allergic reaction to that same trigger in the future. Some of the allergens
that may lead to anaphylaxis include penicillin, other medications, insect
stings, and foods such as peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, fish, and shellfish. Rarely,
anaphylaxis may be triggered by exercise or by the consumption of certain foods followed by exercise.
What are the symptoms of anaphylaxis?
When a child develops any of the symptoms of anaphylaxis, he or she needs
pediatric emergency care. These signs and symptoms can include swelling
of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, difficulty breathing, wheezing,
coughing, slurred speech, and dizziness. Anaphylaxis can cause fainting,
heart palpitations, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. It
may result in a bluish skin color, weak and rapid pulse, and hives. In
some cases, the symptoms may resolve, but then return within two or three
hours and be much more severe.
What should I do when I notice these symptoms?
During a severe allergic reaction, do not try to drive your child to the
ER yourself. Instead, call 911 immediately. If your child has an epinephrine
auto-injector, follow the doctor’s instructions for its use. If
your child loses consciousness, lay him or her flat on the floor and elevate the feet.
Parents are urged to call 911 without delay if their children display signs
of anaphylaxis. For non-emergent inquiries about our pediatric care services
available in Plantation, FL, parents can call Plantation General Hospital
at 954-321-4099. We provide
family-centered care within our Pediatric ER and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU).